Washing and Weaving
The Guatemalan tradition of weaving by back-strap loom has reached a level of sophistication rarely rivaled. Here people weave and wear art works, at times museum pieces. The Maya ability to combine color and form within a single item of clothing and between articles of clothing is absolute artistry. Notwithstanding, the activity of weaving is as lovely as the finished product. Any day in any town or rural household, you will see women, or groups of women, standing, kneeling, or seated on the ground weaving or embroidering while chatting, joking, and breast-feeding their babies, surrounded by chickens, ducks, or turkeys and an occasional pig or cow.
Threats to the Weavers
However, Maya weavers face many threats. Many young Maya women wish to assimilate to mainstream culture. Hence, they abandon native clothing. Used American clothing.sent down from the North allows them to dress inexpensively..Some women switch to American clothing to increase job opportunities and hasten social elevation, while others reject native dress simply because they can`t afford it..
Industrial looms now mas-produce clothing that imitates the hand-woven product. However, sometimes the designs are ridiculous. The material can also be extremely uncomfortable.Sometimes the designs are not woven at all. They are simply stamped on by a silk-screen process. This machine made clothing is affordable, however. Therefore, weaving by back-strap loom is in danger of extinction..In addition, the best weavers are either dead, or are dying.
Washing and the Ecology
Hand-woven or embroidered clothing should be washed by hand. However, washing is almost always done by hand, by women, in a variety of venues: private or public pilas (wash basins), rivers, the lake-shore, mountain streams, and plastic pipes fed from mountain streams to the plains below. Wherever I walk, I meet washerwomen, either washing. or carrying tubs of wet laundry to their homes, along narrow mountain pathways or up steep village streets, often at great distance.
Nowhere is the activity of washing more festive than in the two bays of San Lucas Tolimán: las Conchitas and el Relleno. However, nowhere is the ecological damage to the lake so evident. Admittedly, I once approved of the communal activity of washing in the lakefront. for its social value. Meanwhile, I have seen several outbreaks of cyanobacteria upon the surface of Lake Atitlán. Consequently my attitude toward washing in the lakefront has changed. A few years ago, San Lucas Tolimán offered a partial solution, however. San Lucas constructed a beautiful public washing facility on shore in full view of the lake. This facility thus provides something of the ambiance of washing in the lakefront without further damage to Lake Atitlán.